Summary: – 1. Introduction. – 2. Limits, Conditions, and Legal Consequences of Posthumous Disposition of Reproductive Biological Material. – 2.1. Conditions, procedure, and legal consequences of the use of posthumous reproduction (foreign experience and trends of Ukrainian law-making). – 2.2. Scope of rights and conditions of the use of posthumous reproduction. – 2.3. Formal requirements for the disposal of reproductive biological material and embryos in case of death (problems of practical application). – 2.4. Issues of inheritance and establishment of paternity/maternity. – 2.5. Analysis of the conceptual framework (advantages and disadvantages). – 2.6. Controversial and debatable provisions of potential laws. – 3. Conclusions.