Summary: 1. Introduction. – 2. The Adoption of the Civil Code of 1929 and its Affiliation According to Historical - Legal Studies. – 3. Description of Main Features of Different Civil Law Systems According to Most Prominent Authors of Western Countries. – 4. Civil Code of the Republic of Albania of 1994 – The Issue. – 5. Conclusion.
Background: The Civil Code would dictate the affiliation of Albanian civil law to the Romano- Germanic family, finally separating it from Ottoman law. This Code, to this day, preserves its contemporary character, individuality, and integrity, not only because it is based on the idea of protecting basic human rights and freedoms, as well as the democratic model of society that inspired it, which always remain valid, but also that it continues as a working tool for specialists in this field. Undoubtedly, foreign rights, especially French, Italian, and to some extent, German and Swiss, would inspire the Albanian legislator to sanction in its provisions the equality of all citizens, the emancipation of land ownership, and the freedom to engage in economic activities.