Summary: 1. Introduction. – 2. Determinants of the Formation of the Human Rights Mechanism in Ukraine. – 2.1. External Determinants. – 2.1.1. Rule of Law Index. – 2.1.2. The Case Law of the European Court of Human Rights. – 2.1.3. Recommendations of the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (Council of Europe Anti-torture Committee) – 2.1.4. Recommendations of the Group of States against Corruption. – 2.2. Internal Determinants. – 2.2.1. Annual Report of the Commissioner for Human Rights of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. – 2.2.2. Results of Sociological Research. – 2.2.3. Expert Perspectives. – 2.2.4. ‘The Quality of Law’. – 3. Trends in the Development of Key Components of the Human Rights Mechanism in Ukraine. – 4. Conclusions.
This article was prepared as part of the scientific project ‘Justice in the context of sustainable development’ Project No. 22BF042-01 (2022-2024).
The article highlights the modern determinants of the formation and function of institutions of the national human rights mechanism in Ukraine.
Particular attention is paid to the institutions of the justice system as key elements of the national human rights mechanism, the formation and functioning of which, at the present stage, are determined by a number of factors, at both internal (national) and external (supranational) levels. It is established that external determinants determine the impact on the human rights mechanism in Ukraine through functional indicators of its effectiveness in the evaluation and reporting documents of the institutions of the supranational (international) human rights mechanism. Internal determinants dictate the impact on the national human rights mechanism through functional indicators of its effectiveness in the evaluation and reporting documents of national human rights institutions, the results of sociological research, and expert assessments and depend directly on the ‘quality of law’.
The current trends in the development of human rights mechanisms in Ukraine, which are enshrined in a number of corresponding strategies in the field of human rights due to the need to improve the state’s activities to promote and ensure human rights and freedoms, create effective mechanisms for their implementation and protection in the field of development of the justice system as a whole, as well as its constituent institutions, such as the prosecutor’s office and the bar. Emphasis is placed on the priority of reaching consensus among stakeholders in the implementation of these strategic documents as a normative component, which determines the development trends of the institutional and functional components of the national human rights mechanism.