Summary: 1. Introduction. – 2. General Specific Causes of Legal Anomalies in the Implementation of Individual Rights in Court. – 3. Abuse of Procedural Rights as a Distortion of the Realisation of Rights. – 4. Simplified Action (Written) Proceedings as a Legally Established Anomaly. – 5. The Legal Anomaly of the Lack of Unity of Judicial Case-law. – 6. Conclusions.
The law is a regulator of relations based on an orderly, generally accepted system of ideas and norms for the behaviour of subjects in a particular relationship. A large number of regulations, which are an external reflection of the content of law, sets the boundaries of such behaviour, but under the influence of relevant factors that have a subjective and/or objective nature, there are cases of deviation from generally accepted regulations, the so-called legal anomalies that occur in the exercise of a person’s rights in court.
This article contains an analysis of current legal anomalies that may arise in the exercise of a person’s procedural rights in the administration of justice, given the reasons that provoke their occurrence. Both legal anomalies related to the subject of realisation of rights in court and anomalies that indirectly affect the possibility and completeness of such realisation were subject to research. The authors assessed the phenomenon of abuse of law, legal nihilism of the participants in the process, inconsistencies of judicial practice, etc., in terms of classifying such phenomena as legal anomalies. The possibility of recognising a legal anomaly at the legislative level (abuse of law) and the transformation of a legal anomaly into a rule of procedural law (written proceedings) is investigated. Variants of vulnerabilities of the modern mechanism of administration of justice are offered, where there is a high probability of emergence of new legal anomalies in the sphere of realisation of the rights of the person at protection by a court of the broken, unrecognised, or disputed rights.