Summary: 1. Introduction. – 2. Criteria for Peacekeeping. – 3. The Influence of Peacekeeping on Conflict and Its Effectiveness. – 4. Open Databases of the World Bank, UN Department of Peacekeeping – Data and Examples of State Situations. – 5. Regularities that Influenced the Effectiveness of Peacekeeping and Post-conflict Stabilisation. – 6. Conclusions.
Peacekeeping operations are considered one of the main tools for negotiating conflicts and are used by the international community to renew and keep international peace and security. The practice of peacekeeping activities has faced fundamental changes that have influenced its aims and principles. That is why the effectiveness of modern peacekeeping operations and operations for peace maintenance, as an answer to global challenges, need further assessment and explanations. The article aims to 1) characterise peacekeeping activities and principles and assess their effectiveness; 2) determine the main problems in the function of peacekeeping mechanisms; identify optimal methods for the future peacekeeping operations of the UN and NATO.
This study proposes a complex systematisation of present approaches, assessing the effectiveness of both peacekeeping operations and operations for the maintenance of peace. The key goal is to develop optimal scenarios for peacekeeping missions.The practical importance of the research is the frameworks and conclusions that can be used as methodical recommendations in the work of international organisations that regulate peacekeeping activities.