Summary: 1. Introduction. – 2. Derogations of Human Rights under the British Constitutional Model. – 3. Restrictions of Human Rights in Continental Europe. – 4. Legal Scope of Restrictions in Eastern Europe. – 5. Peculiarities of Human Rights Restrictions in Balkan Countries. – 6. Restrictions of Human Rights in Baltic States. – 7. The Scandinavian Model of Exceptions to Ensure Constitutional Human Rights. – 8. Conclusion
This article is dedicated to the constitutional restrictions on human rights and freedoms within the genesis and development of liberal democracy.
The article argues that European countries implement the provisions of the ECHR in
various ways regarding the application of restrictions of rights and freedoms in their own national legal systems in order to support: 1) the state and public security or economic well-being of the country; 2) the prevention of riots or crimes; 3) health or morals or for the purpose of protecting the rights and freedoms of others; 4) the protection of national security or territorial integrity; 5) protecting the reputation of others; 6) the prevention of disclosure of confidential information; 7) maintaining the authority and impartiality of judicial authorities.
The research defines a common feature of all constitutional restrictions of human rights and freedoms within the European countries’ application, taking into account the objective circumstances necessary in a democratic society. The authors underline that under no circumstances should the restrictions distort the essence of human rights and freedoms that fall under such derogations.
The article underlines that the restrictions on human rights and freedoms are a necessary component of the legal system of any state and modern society. Such restrictions should be of a legal nature and should be imposed only in accordance with the general interest – national security, law and order, the protection of moral norms, and the protection of the rights and freedoms of other persons when the right of another person in a legitimate balance prevails. The emergence of challenges to human rights does not negate their effectiveness, and they continue to operate, which testifies to their effectiveness and guarantees the inviolability of the rule of law principle when resolving specific cases on human rights restrictions