Summary: 1. Introduction. – 2. Judicial Status of the CCU as a Body of Constitutional Jurisdiction. – 3. Legitimacy of Constitutional Courts and their Constituent Powers. – 4. Problems of Constitutional Complaint Realization in Ukraine. – 5. Concluding Remarks
The article identifies trends in the development of and access to constitutional justice in Ukraine at the current stage. It is alleged that on the one hand, there are attacks on the judicial status of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine, which intensified after the 2016 constitutional reform and the position of the Supreme Court. On the other hand, the effectiveness of a constitutional complaint as a human rights mechanism, i.e. for the formulation of the rights and responsibilities of the individual, is still insignificant. This is due both to the model of the constitutional complaint itself (being exclusively normative) and to the practice that is being formed. The reason for inefficiency can also be called doctrinal unpreparedness for the implementation of a constitutional complaint, because, in fact, despite the large number of studies on the subject, the practical aspect was not well thought out. Both the institutional component and the regulatory framework of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine itself need to be significantly improved. We refer specifically to the Law ‘On the Constitutional Court of Ukraine’ in terms of the interim provisional and protective measure, the implementation of decisions of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine, their actions in time, and specific mechanisms for the restoration of individual rights. In pursuance of the Constitution of Ukraine, a legislative mechanism for compensation for damage caused by unconstitutional acts of public authorities needs to be developed. The provisions of procedural law regarding the review of court decisions in exceptional circumstances as a result of declaring laws unconstitutional need to be adjusted.