Summary: 1. Introduction. – 2. Sources of Law of Small Claims. – 3. The Purpose and Principles of the Institute of Small Claims. – 4. Value of a Claim. – 5. Change of the Value of a Claim. – 6. Consideration of Small Claims. – 7. Representation of the Parties during Small Case Consideration. – 8. Evidence and Prooving when Considering Small Claims. – 9. Appeal against Court Decisions in Small Claims. – 10. Cassation Appeal against Court Decisions in Small Claims. – 11. Conclusions
This essay analyzes legal nature and grounds of nullity of transactions according to the civil legislation of Ukraine and modern civil law achievements. Correlation between invalid, void and illegal transactions is set. It establishes the specifics of invalid transactions, that demarks them from other similar legal categories. The essay discloses gaps and contradictions in the legislation of Ukraine, while pointing out different approaches of the application of law by the courts when it comes to the nullity of transactions, as well as offers solutions as to its improvement. The legal nature of articlesofincorporation (articlesofassociation, exceptforthearticlesofassociationofapartnership) is analyzed. And issue of possibility to use provisions as to invalidity of transactions to invalidating the incorporation documents of a legal person and/ordecisions of the general meeting of the partnerships is set.
Iryna Dzera, Assoc. Prof. of Private Law Department, Law Faculty, National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Ukraine (8/5, str. Volos'ka, 4-th building, Kyiv or Skovorody 2, 04070, Ukraine; email@example.com)
Civil Code of the USSR of 1963 <http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1540-06#o193> accessed 23 February 2019.
Civil Code of Ukraine of 16 January 2003 <http://zakon1.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/435-15> accessed 22 February 2019.
Civil Procedure Code of Ukraine of 2004 (with amendments) <https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1618-15> accessed 23 February 2019.
Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of 1 August 2005 No 668, para. 12 <https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/668-2005-%D0%BF> accessed 23 February 2019.
InterpretationoftheSupremeArbitrationCourtofUkraineof March 1999 ‘OnsomePracticalIssuesofDisputeResolution, RelatedtoRecognition Contracts as Invalid’ (nolongervalid) <http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/v_111800-99> accessed 23 February 2019.
Law of Ukraine ‘On Privatization of the State and Communal Property’ <https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2269-19> accessed 23 February 2019.
Law of Ukraine ‘On the rental of land’ <https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/161-14/> accessed 23 February 2019.
Order of the Plenum of the Supreme Commercial Court of Ukraine of 25 February. 2016 No 4 <http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/v0004600-16> accessed 22 February 2019.
Orderofthe Plenum of the SupremeCourtofUkraine of 24 October2008 No 13 ‘About Practice of Consideration of Corporate Disputes’ p. 17 < https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/go/v0013700-08> accessed 23 February 2019.
Order of the Plenum of the Supreme Court of Ukraine of 29 May 2013 No 11 ‘On Some Issues Related to the Recognition of Commercial Contracts as Invalid’ <http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/v0011600-13> accessed 23 February 2019.
Order of the Plenum of the Supreme Court of Ukraine of 6 November 2009 No 9 ‘On Court Practice of Civil Cases Consideration on the Recognition of Contracts as Invalid’ <http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/v0009700-09> accessed 23 February 2019.
ResolutionofthePlenumof 06 November 2009 No9 ‘OnCourt]sPracticeinthe Fieldof CivilClaimsto Invalidate Transactions’ <https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/v0009700-09> accessed 23 February 2019.
Ruling of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine in the case of a constitutional request by the Limited Liability Partnership ‘Likhner Beton Lviv’ for the official interpretation to of the provisions found in sec. 58 (4) and 64 (1) of the Law of Ukraine on ‘Commercial Partnerships’ of 5 February 2013 <https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/v001p710-13> accessed 23 February 2019.
nullity of transactions, void transactions, illegality of transactions, valid, entered into, lawful
How to cite it?
I Dzera, 'Issues in the Legal Framework of Invalidity of Transactions in Ukraine' (2019) No 1 (2) Access to Justice in Eastern Europe 67-81.