Summary: 1. Introduction. – 2. – Stages of Reform. – 3. International Standards and Recommendations. – 4. The Practice of the ECtHR. – 5. Evaluation of International Institutions. – 6. The National Dimension. – 7. Jury Trial. – 8. Independence of Judges vs Abuse of Power. – 9. Reform Strategy. – 10. Conclusions.
Particular attention is paid to the conclusions of the ECtHR, which enshrine legal positions on issues that are essential for the implementation of effective justice: the inadmissibility of the use of independence guarantees of judges to avoid legal liability; the need to improve the institution of the jury; and balanced and strategic planning of further reforms in the field of justice.